Rapid urbanization and increasing demand for transportation

In Africa, rapid urbanization will lead to increased demand for transportation.

Rising economic levels, asset ownership and educational levels that are leading to a growing middle-class of over 300 million are increasing the purchasing power of the continent’s populations making it possible for them to buy cars.

In 2020, the motorization rate for Sub Saharan Africa was currently low at 42 cars per 1,000 people, as compared to the US’s 837 and China’s 173. The global average is 180 per 1,000 people.

Africa is lagging behind the rest of the world

Main challenges in Africa

Africa is lagging behind for many reasons such as:

ITS implementation in Africa

Key metrics showing the importance to implement effective ITS in Algeria

Algerian recent investments in public transports

Algiers Metro was inaugurated on 31 October 2011 after nearly three decades of development. Tramways started operation  in Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Sidi Bel Abbès, Sétif, Mostaganem and Ouargla.

The most important project remains the East-West Highway,the highway, which runs for 1216 km from the moroccan border to the tunisian border.

ITS in Algeria

The metro system is equipped with Siemens’ Trainguard MT communications-based train control (CBTC).

The new automatic train control system works by means of bidirectional continuous communication between the on-board and wayside equipment.

Siemens also supplied Digiloc train location systems and Airlink radio communication system, and was responsible for the installation of track, power supply system, fare collection equipment and operations control centre.

In relation to tramways,  it is worth mentioning the  importance and effectiveness of the control centres (PCC) on Algerias new tramways, and  Oran in particular. There are around 200  CCTV cameras along the system, which  contribute a good deal to security, at higher  levels than that introduced on the pioneer  Alger installation.

All systems – cameras,  radio intercom, ticket machines – are capable  of continuous recording and data can be  played back at will.

Signalling is divided  into six zones, covering the two termini and  selected intermediate sections; the zones are  therefore not necessarily contiguous, leaving  some sections of line unsupervised by the  central control

Creating a local ecosystem

We are not aware of any ITS  system developed in Algeria. All systems used as per our knowledge are imported systems.

There is a need to create a local ecosystem requires cooperation of various stakeholders, from governemental agencies and engineers schools to private companies

Open sources systems are already available therefore there is no real reason explaining the importation of pre-built solutions instead of trying to build a local solution.

For example,  the following open source tools for geographic analysis in transport planning are available :

  • Transportation Analysis and Simulation System via an integrated set of tools developed to conduct regional transportation system analyse (Transims)
  • Driving Simulation (OpenDS )
  • Simulation environment that is capable of generating node movement using different movement models and routing messages between nodes with various DTN routing algorithms and sender and receiver types (The one)
  • Framework for implementing large-scale agent-based transport simulations (Matsim)
  • Multi-modal traffic simulation package designed to handle large networks ( SUMO)
  • Software for geographic transport data analysis and planning (opengat)
  • Game exploring  how small changes to a city affect the movement of drivers, cyclists, transit users, and pedestrians (Abstreet). It works anywhere in the world, thanks to Openstreet
  • Software to predict flows of pedestrians, cyclists, vehicles and public transport users; these inform models of health, community cohesion, land values, town centre vitality, land use, accidents and crime.  This open source software provides a simpler alternative to transport models, particularly for sustainable transport (SDNA)